History in Eurobodalla
Eurobodalla has a rich history that can still be seen and experienced in many of the historic towns and villages. The Tilba region is significant with the working heritage village Central Tilba classified under the National Trust and named as one of Australia's top 20 heritage sites. Go to our Towns pages for more information on Eurobodalla villages.
Download a copy of Our heritage - The story of Eurobodalla
If you are a fan of natural history, take a geological journey back in time on our Ancient Sites pages.
The Eurobodalla Shire was originally the home of the South Coast Aborigine of the Bugelli-Manji and Yuin tribes. It was a rich land in which small nomadic groups hunted and fished. Fish and vegetable foods were plentiful. These earliest inhabitants gave their attractive names to many of the Shire's beautiful and unique places. Other Shire landmarks, like Batemans Bay and Mount Dromedary, were named by Captain James Cook.
Settlers & Settlement
In 1828 land on the north bank of the Moruya river was settled by Francis Flanagan. At Shannon Rise he grew potatoes for sale to the crews of passing tall ships who stopped at Broulee for fresh water. John Hawdon claimed his land on the Moruya River in 1831 building the elegant Kiora House in 1832 and thence acquiring parcels of land from Bodalla to Batemans Bay.
Broulee predates Moruya town and in 1840 became the headquarters of the police district. Broulee Island boasted the Erin-go-brah hotel, a wharf and a collection of government buildings while the bay provided a sheltered harbour. Since road transport was almost impossible, goods and passengers arrived and left the Eurobodalla by sea. In 1841 the schooner 'Rover' was wrecked at Candalagan Creek, many of the passengers being rescued by the heroic local aboriginals.
Convicts were administered from Broulee and most were assigned to farms along the coast from Batemans Bay to Wagonga Inlet.
In 1851 Moruya became the centre of the Eurobodalla Shire's development. The town was on the southern side of the river with passengers and goods crossing the river by punt. Entry to the Moruya River from the sea was difficult but the construction of breakwaters and dykes allowed the township to flourish.
The first settler to take up land around Wagonga Inlet was Francis Hunt in 1839. His farm 'Noorooma' later became the name for the town Narooma. Development on the Wagonga Inlet was initially to service the gold township of Nerrigundah in the 1860's. Later sawmilling, fish canning and farming encouraged further development. The land around Central Tilba and Tilba Tilba became rich dairy farms which supplied the local cheese cooperatives. In 1880 the vessel 'Lady Darling' was wrecked off Mystery Bay and the lighthouse on Montague Island was established in 1881 to protect coastal shipping.
In 1821 Lt Johnson visited Batemans Bay with Hamilton Hume and Major Mitchell, but development of the area occurred in the 1860's with sawmilling and farming. Timber was shipped from the mouth of the Clyde and Nelligen wharf became the home of the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company. Later shipbuilding and brick manufacturing were established near Tomakin.
In 1860 Thomas Sutcliffe Mort took up 13,000 acres in Bodalla. An enlightened, if authoritarian personality, Mort established dairies all along the Tuross Valley. He established the cooperative Bodalla Cheese Factory, improved the welfare of his employees and pioneered the export of frozen meat to Europe.
Gold, Gold, Gold
The Eurobodalla region was hit with 'fifties fever'. Gold was discovered in the Moruya district in 1851. Araluen proved to be one of the three principal goldfields in Australia producing more than 26 tonnes of pure gold. In 1857 gold was found near Broulee and in 1858 Cabbage Tree Creek at Mogo sprang into the news. In 1860 good gold deposits were found at Mt Dromedary.
Then in 1861 the fever moved to Gulph Creek and Nerrigundah became the centre of activity. Returns from The Gulph were good and gold buyers plied the fields regularly. Gold was also found at Nelligen and at Merricumbene on the Deua. Indeed the whole Eurobodalla Shire was gripped with gold fever!
The discovery of gold brought bushrangers to the Eurobodalla Shire and the notorious Clarke gang held up the Morris Hotel at Medmalong near Araluen and stole horses from Merricumbene on the Deua. In 1866 they held up the Gulph gold escort at Nerrigundah shooting a police constable, Miles O'Grady, before riding off with booty stolen from several stores. Boldrewood is said to have written Robbery Under Arms whilst staying in the Araluen Valley.
By the end of the 1890's gold at these diggings was running out and the thousands of hopeful miners including some 6000 Chinese dispersed to other sites or settled down to become farmers and small businessmen.
Sawmilling, Fishing & Farming
In the 1880's the Eurobodalla Shire became the centre of thriving saw milling and cheese producing industries. Mills dotted the coast from Batemans Bay to Wagonga Inlet. Hardwood sleepers were shipped from Batemans Bay and Wagonga Inlet and timber shipbuilding thrived there too. Small cheese factories dotted the whole area from Rosedale and Mogo, to Kiora and the Deua, to Bodalla and Corunna near Narooma. By the turn of the 19th century dairying and vegetable production flourished on the increasingly cleared land of the Eurobodalla. Commercial fishing began in the 19th century and oyster farming was introduced early in the 20th century. Today oyster growers on the Clyde and Moruya Rivers, Tuross Lakes and Wagonga Inlet supply Sydney and Canberra markets.
The British Engineering firm, Dorman Long and Co won the contract to erect the Sydney Harbour Bridge early in 1924. The firm decided to take the granite required for the bridge pylons from a quarry site on the north bank of the Moruya River. The Ziegler family, monumental masons, had used the granite from this quarry prior to 1924 for cutting headstones.
Early in 1925, ninety stonemasons and their families arrived in Moruya from Scotland, along with a few Italians and Australians. A special township, Granitetown, was built to receive them. The regular movement of three steamers carrying the granite to Sydney increased shipping traffic on the Moruya River. Other works, including a highly mechanised plant for preparing the stone, a light railway leading to the wharf, and a stone crusher for associated concreting work, added to the economic life of the town.
By 1927, a community hall, a general store and a school were built in Granitetown, and a lively branch of the Australian Workers' Union also established itself among the skilled tradesmen.
By 1929, the activity was starting to wind down as the focus shifted to Sydney for the final dressing of the bridge pylons. In 1932, as the now famous steel arches spanned the Sydney sky, the Scots left Granitetown and the houses were bought by local people and shifted to house blocks around the district.